The length of the foremost one is from four feet in small, to eight feet in large, ships. They have an eye spliced in each end for lashing; are then wormed, parcelled, and served with spun-yarn from eye to eye. CLEATS. Pieces of wood of various shapes, used for stops, and to make ropes fast to, viz. ARM or SLING-CLEATS are nailed on each side of the slings of the lower yard, and have an arm at one end, which lies over the straps of the jeer blocks to prevent their being chaffed. BELAYING-CLEATS have two arms, or horns, and are nailed through the middle to the masts, or elsewhere, to belay ropes to.
The Premium Ropes Eco Dock is our first rope made from 100% recycled plastic. These are made from the waste of the most common type of plastic Pet. The Eco Dock is perfect for mooring, docking but also anchoring. It has great elongation characteristics that protects your boat from rough weather conditions. Shroud – similar to a stay, but is located in the athwartship plane of the vessel.
It is used to attach the hook of a tackle to any rope, shroud, or stay, to extend them, by taking two or more turns round the same, and hooking in the bights. MARLING is winding any line round a rope, and securing every turn by a hitch, so that they may be independent of each other, and remain fixed, should either be cut through by friction. It is principally used to fix on the clues of sails, and top-brims of topsails. Splices are marled down for serving with rope-yarn or twine.
Use the Rig Wire 99 as a lightweight alternative for standing rigging. Each yard on a square or gaff rigged sailing ship is equipped with a footrope for sailors to stand on while setting or stowing the sails. Probably due to their resemblance to equitation tack, the stays below a bowsprit are martingales, and those above it bracing the bowsprit are bobstays. The martingales are often the strongest stays on a ship, and often constructed of chain. Sailing boat rope hold down the bowsprit, which is liable to be lifted by the tug of the jibs, and of the stays connecting it with the fore-topmast. If the bowsprit is lifted the fore-topmast loses part of its support.
Rope Guide for Sailboats
BREAST-ROPE is fastened along the laniards of the shrouds, for safety, when heaving the lead in the chains. DAVIT-ROPE, the lashing which secures the davit to the shrouds, when out of use. ENTERING-ROPES hang from the upper part of the stantions, along-side the ladder, at the gangways.
According to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition “rigging” derives from Anglo-Saxon wrigan or wringing, “to clothe”. The same source points out that “rigging” a sailing vessel refers to putting all the components in place to allow it to function, including the masts, spars, sails and the rigging. Shackle – a piece of metal to attach two ropes, or a block to a rope, or a sail to a rope. Customarily, a shackle has a screw-in pin which often is so tight that a shackle-key must be used to unscrew it. A snap-shackle doesn’t screw, and can be released by hand, but it’s usually less strong or more expensive than a regular shackle.
FLEETING. Changing the situation of a tackle, by placing the blocks further asunder, the force being destroyed by the blocks meeting, called block-and-block. FENDERS. Pieces of wood, or old cable, bags of old rope-yarn, shakings, cork, or other materials, hung by a laniard over a vessel’s sides, to prevent her being damaged. FANGS OR LEE-FANGS. A rope fastened to a cringle, near the foot of a ketche’s wing-sail, to haul in the foot of the sail for lacing on the bonnet, or taking in the sail. CAPSTERN. A machine for heaving up anchors, or other great strains.CAST-OFF. To loose a rope, by unseizing it, or by cutting the lashing.
Lay the end over the hauling part, and pass it through the bight; then take several turns round the standing part, and stop the end. The bight serves as a sling for bales, drawing of timber, &c. Square-rigged vessels required braces, which are used to adjust the fore and aft angle of a yard. A brace is a rope employed to wheel, or traverse the sails upon the mast, in a direction parallel to the horizon, when it is necessary to shift the sails, that they may correspond with the direction of the wind and the course of the ship.
Learning the Ropes (or the lines!)
The braces were used to swing the yards laterally, and there is hardly any part of the rigging which has altered so little over a period of thousands of years. Braces are, for this purpose, fastened to the extremities of the yards, which are called the yard-arms. All the braces of the yards are double, except those of the top-gallant and spritsail-topsail yards. The mizen-yard is furnished with fangs, or vangs, in the room of braces.
BLOCK-AND-BLOCK. The situation of a tackle when the effect is destroyed by the blocks meeting together. BENDS. The small ropes used to confine the clinch of a cable. AWNING. A canvas covering, expanded over the decks of a ship, to screen the crew from, and prevent the decks spliting by, the heat of the sun. The absolute strength of chain, at thebreaking point, may be found by dividing the square of the diameter in eighths, by 2.4 for round link crane chain, and by 2.7 for chain cable.